Since 1990, laparoscopy and minimally
invasive techniques have revolutionized digestive
surgery. Nevertheless, the use of conventional
laparoscopy remains limited to procedures of low
complexity (cholecystectomy, appendectomy) or
intermediate complexity (fundoplicature, segmental
colectomies). The aim of this article is to present the
technical characteristics of the da Vinci® robot, and to
better define its potential applications in digestive
surgery. Indeed, if cholecystectomy as well as gastric
fundoplicature lend themselves well to robotic surgery,
robotic surgery in these indications does not offer any
advantage over classical laparoscopy. The same is
probably not true for more complex procedures such as
gastric bypass or total mesorectal resection.
Keywords : Laparoscopy; Robotic surgery.