Wetland Restoration and Farming Practices Prohibition towards Local Users’ Livelihood Insights of Rugezi Wetland, Rwanda


Authors : Jules UWIZEYIMANA; Henriette KASHIRANDE; David UKWISHAKA; Alphonse NSHIMIYIMANA; Fidèle MWIZERWA; Grégoire HATEGEKIMANA; Soleil Marie Aimee NDAGIJIMANA; Cedrick NSENGIYUMVA; Digne Edmond RWABUHUNGU

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 9 - September

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3CL815F

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7178936

Wetlands are regarded as one of the most productive ecosystems, capable of providing invaluable ecological services; they are also an important component of our environment through improving the water quality in the area and make the local climate more temperate. Wetland restoration has received a lot of attention as a result of the loss or degradation of wetlands as the ecological restoration can help to improve the structure and function of degraded, damaged, or destroyed wetlands. Many restoration projects have been completed around the world using various restoration goals and methods. However, due to current quarrels on restoration definitions and concepts, assessing wetland restoration has become difficult. Therefore, to better manage and conserve wetland resources, we must first understand their distribution and extent, as well as monitor their dynamic changes as wetland maps and inventories can help with wetland conservation, restoration, and management. Geospatial techniques (GIS and remote sensing technologies) have proven to be useful for mapping and monitoring, restoring wetland resources. The objective of this study is to assess the impacts of wetland restoration and prohibition of agriculture practice on livelihood of local users and evaluation on status of Rugezi wetland restoration progress. Using the maximum likelihood pixel-based classification method, Land sat images was utilized to examine the historical and present state of the Rugezi wetland for the years 1982, 2002, and 2022. The result revealed that the restoration practice on Rugezi wetland was triggered by high rate of degradation due to agriculture and pottery activities and exacerbated by water reduction which led to a decrease in hydro-power production. Yet, the restoration practice indicates the positive changes on wetlands since the affected local community by restoration practice have gained some opportunities in wetland restoration. However, some wetland restoration measures have not achieved to its full capacity especially implementation of buffer distance (20m along wetland and 50m from the shores of Lakes). Therefore, a strong collaboration of local community, government authorities and private sector is essential to implement all restoration measures to its full capacity. The information obtained from the analysis of wetland restoration and its implications for the local community aids in the provision of optimal view for wetland restoration progress.

Keywords : Wetland restoration, Geospatial technology, Wetland degradation, Rugezi wetland.

CALL FOR PAPERS


Paper Submission Last Date
29 - February - 2024

Paper Review Notification
In 1-2 Days

Paper Publishing
In 2-3 Days

Video Explanation for Published paper

Never miss an update from Papermashup

Get notified about the latest tutorials and downloads.

Subscribe by Email

Get alerts directly into your inbox after each post and stay updated.
Subscribe
OR

Subscribe by RSS

Add our RSS to your feedreader to get regular updates from us.
Subscribe