Tuning Reaction Conditions to Enhance Catalytic Performance of Solid Ion-Exchange Resins Catalysts

Authors : Ahmed Umar

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 12 - December

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3WobQUX

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7549501

Recently, environmental, social and sustainability issues associated with use of fossil-based fuels are generating much concern and interest for the development of renewable energy. Catalyst design and development is critical and occupying central position for successful conversion of renewable feedstock to renewable fuels. In this work, optimization of reaction parameters that influences catalytic performance particularly biodiesel yield and catalyst reusability were tailored to enhance catalytic activities of basic anionic (AmerlystA26) and acidic cationic (Amberlyst-36) ion-exchange resins in transesterification of vegetable oil with methanol to biodiesel using both conventional and autoclave biodiesel synthesis. Basic anionic Amberlyst-A26 catalyst has demonstrated great potential for biodiesel synthesis with Sunflower oil than the acidic cationic Amberlsyt-36 resin using the conventional-round bottom flask method. Biodiesel yield >90% was obtained at temperature as low as 40 oC and a yield >75% within 1 hour at 50 oC. The catalyst showed higher degree of reusability by losing only 19% of its original activity after thirteen cycles. Conversely, autoclave biodiesel synthesis carried out using both catalysts revealed that the acidic Amberlyst-36 is more active under severe reaction conditions of autoclave. Hence, polymeric resins are viable active solid catalyst for biodiesel synthesis capable resisting leaching of active sites and loss of activity during biodiesel synthesis provided the right reaction conditions are explored

Keywords : Heterogeneous Catalyst; Leaching; Biofuels; Biomass valorization; Reaction condition; Environment


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - March - 2023

Paper Review Notification
In 1-2 Days

Paper Publishing
In 2-3 Days

Video Explanation for Published paper

Never miss an update from Papermashup

Get notified about the latest tutorials and downloads.

Subscribe by Email

Get alerts directly into your inbox after each post and stay updated.

Subscribe by RSS

Add our RSS to your feedreader to get regular updates from us.