Town Massive Garbage –To - Energy for Maputo City in Mozambique

Authors : Fernando Agostinho Dzeco; Dr. Anand Mohan

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 7 - July

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DOI : 10.38124/IJISRT20JUL403

The growing development nowadays on Mozambique is directly associated to the crescent industrialization and the increasing number of the population on enormous cities of the Nation, what needs more electrical energy and produce more garbage; uncontrolled and putting it in a challenge to face this scenario. Maputo City is facing huge problem with the Town Massive Garbage (TMG), without the structure to treat it, which deposited in the open dumpsite out of normal conditions, contributing for many diseases and environment impact, when it is burnt or it burns spontaneously, the subterranean water body is contaminated with leachate (methane); and proximately 72% of population or citizens have not electrical energy. The intention of this task is principally to turn the Town Massive Garbage into electrical energy in Maputo City the capital of the country, taking on the different technologies according to the garbage’s conditions and increase the capacity of energy which is approximately to 20% on the Country and to reduce the impact of environment from the landfill and, the number of landfill and dumpsites, working and attempting to achieve the sustainable development goals. The country has been recording constant interruptions of power supply due to increased energy demand resulting from the development of their Citizen, construction of new industrial, hotel and Office building together with housing. The motivations is to apply garbage as other innocuous source of power or energy, knowing that in the country mainly hydropower and solar, wind, biomass in a small quantity, coal, fuel are vanishing; reduce the impact of environment, global warm and ailments caused by it. The methodologies used to achieve the objectives are thermodynamics, heat transfer expressions and the COCO-OPEN simulation methodology to predate the energy generate from the composition and quantity of MSW. The results illustrates the possibility to enforce Town massive Garbage as source of energy or power, clearly taking in account the track conditions, as the heating value of it is nearly equal to the coal value which has been used to generate energy in many plants around the world. Municipal solid waste should be the future source of electricity to many developing countries if they create the structure to deal with it, treating, separating in different categories, controllin


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