Thermodynamic Study on Density and Viscosity of Binary Mixtures of Ethyl acetoacetate with (C4-C9) Aliphatic Ketones at (303.15 and 308.15) K

Authors : Ayasen Jermaine Kemeakegha; Benjamin Amabebe Jumbo

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 6 - June

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DOI : 10.38124/IJISRT20JUN1107

Investigation on Density (ρ) and viscosity (η) of various binary mixtures of ethylacetoacetate and straight chain aliphatic ketones (butan-2-one, pentan-2- one, hexan-2-one, heptan-2-one, octan-2-one and nonan2-one) have been carried out over the entire solvents composition range at temperatures of 303.15K and 308.15K. From the data obtained, the excess molar volumes (V E ), the excess viscosity (η E ) and excess Gibbs free energy of activation for viscous flow (ΔG*E) have been calculated from the experimental density and viscosity measurements at the working temperatures. Excess molar volumes, V E results are negative and positive over the entire range of mole fractions and become more positive as the chain length increases. The excess viscosities, η E were both positive and negative over the entire mole fraction range. While the observed excess Gibbs free energies of activation of viscous flow, ΔG*E data are positive throughout the entire mole fraction range of solvents composition at all investigated temperatures. These observed results of the excess functions have been interpreted in terms of possible molecular interactions in the binary mixtures.

Keywords : Density, Viscosity, Binary mixtures, Molecular Interactions, Ketoester, Ketones, Excess molar volumes, Excess viscosities, Excess Gibbs free energies.


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