The Prevalence of Obesity among Medical Out Patient in a Tertiary Health Facility in Ado- Ekiti, Ekiti State, South Western Nigeria


Authors : ADENIYI MAKINDE ADEBAYO; ABIOYE OPEYEMI; ADEOSUN MOJOYIN; BABALOLA SERIFAT ASABI; BABALOLA WAHEED OLAIDE; AJEWOLE IFE CHARLES

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 5 - May

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3y9ePGB

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6787585

Obesity occurs when someone eats more calories than use. The balance between calories-in and calories-out differs for each person. Factors that might affect weight include genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods, and not being physically active. Obesity increases the risk of many diseases. Fat is deposited on our bodies when the energy (kilojoules) we consume from food and drink is greater than the energy used in activities and at rest. The study aimed at determines the prevalence of obesity among the respondents and to determine the awareness and associated factors with obesity. This study was carried out in a Tertiary Health facility in Ado –Ekiti; Ekiti State. A total of 202 completely filled, validated, semi structured interviewer administered questionnaires was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.Cross tabulations of variables were done. Chi square and p-values were used to calculate statistical significance. This study revealed that 51 % of the respondents are male and 49% female. The prevalence of obesity and overweight in the study was 25.2% and 35.6% respectively. Very few (1 .5%) are underweight. A larger percentage of female were obese and overweight. The prevalence of obesity increases with age and positive family history especially in the mother. Hypertension was the most prevalent disease among the studied population. The awareness of obesity was high among the study population with proportion of 59.4%. Majority of the respondent, 57.4% knows that obesity means too much of body fat in the body. In conclusion, the prevalence of obesity is high in the population studied. Timely intervention needs to be taken by the individual, government and health workers and to prevent obesity and its associated co-morbidity and mortality.

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