The Knowledge and Minangkabau Culture in Forming Society's Stigma Toward People with Mental Disorder

Authors : Hariet Rinancy, Dr.dr.Hafni Bachtiar, MPH, Ns.Netrida, M.Kep.Sp.Kep.J.

Volume/Issue : Volume 3 - 2018, Issue 7 - July

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The stigma against people with mental disorders in Indonesia is still irresistible, as a result, they are isolated, and this can worsen their mental disorders suffering. A stigma is influenced by knowledge and local cultural background. The purpose of this research was to know the correlation of knowledge and culture of Minangkabau with the stigma of Minangkabau society toward people with mental disorders. This research used a quantitative method with crossectional approach. Multistage sampling was utilized to get 81 respondents. The research conducted in Tanah Datar, Agam, and Padang Pariaman districts. Meanwhile, the chi-square test was used to analyze the data. As the result of the research, there was a significant correlation between knowledge and culture of Minangkabau with the stigma of the society toward people with mental disorders with the p-value <0,05. This research was expected to be used as input for Health Services and Community Health Centre (Puskesmas). The Community Mental Health Nursing (CMHN) approach could improve understanding of the public that mental disorders was the same as other physical illnesses, nothing needed to be ashamed of, could be cured if it handled quickly and precisely. Thus, the stigma regarding people with mental disorders would lessen or disappeared, and people with mental disorders could get the right treatment so that the number of mental disorders’ occurrence and relapse would decrease.

Keywords : Mental disorders, Stigma, knowledge, Minangkabau culture.


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31 - May - 2022

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