The Importance of Agroforestry to Climate Change Matigation in Tropical Africa: Review Running title: AFS Carbon Stock in Tropics

Authors : Desalegn Getnet Bahriw

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 7 - July

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DOI : 10.38124/IJISRT20JUL607

The main crucial agroforestry systems (AFS) of tropics Africa are homestead, woody species planting and multistory dwelling and spread the woody plants. The traditional AFS interaction important for shading like Coffee, improve soil fertility, climate regulation, alternative income source, and reducing the pressure on natural forests. These systems' have important to ecological health and human wellbeing. This review was aimed at the capacity of AFS for the reduction of GHGs from the atmosphere and climate change mitigating the in tropical Africa. The AFS has been significantly sequestered of CO2 and reduce GHGs sink from the atmosphere. Several research reports were recognized as AFS has been substantially carbon-capturing from the atmosphere compared to the mono-crops, dry woodlands, and/or pasture land. The Tropical Africa region AFS has been estimated to 2.11 × 1091 Mg C yr-1 of aboveground biomass carbon. The multi-strata AFS has the highest(16-36 Mgt ha1 yr-1 ) carbon sequestration were reported, The soil organic carbon (SOC) stock of Fruit-coffee, coffee-enset and Enset system agroforestry systems were estimated 186.41 Mg ha-1 , 178.8 Mg ha-1 177.8 Mg ha-1 in the at 0-60 cm depth in Tropical Africa, respectively. According to IPCC and several research results, nowadays AFS as part of a climate change mitigation strategy. The important tree management of farm land and grazing land strongly recommended as increased GHG emission reduction capacity of AFS in Tropics.

Keywords : Agroforestry, Carbon, Sequestration Climate Change, Mitigation, Tropics.


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