The Impact of Prosthetic Eye Shell on the Quality of Life of Anopthalmic Patients; Questionnaire Based


Authors : Dr. Shazana Nazir Qazi; Dr. Mehvash Muzafar; Dr. Ab Qayoom Beigh

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 2 - February

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3mbhyx5

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7684597

The aim of this hospital-based study is to conduct a questionnaire among prosthetic eye wearers to assess their psychological feelings and level of satisfaction.  Method:- A questionnaire was constructed by a panel in the Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge, Government Dental College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir. The questionnaire covered patient’s demographics, psychometrics and prosthesis related care. The National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire 25 (NEI VFQ 25) validated version 2000) and other prior studies were used as reference for the questionnaire architecture. This cross-sectional study included participants who reported to the department for the fabrication of prosthetic eye from a period of January 2022 to September 2022. Statistical software SPSS (version 20.0) and Microsoft Excel were used to carry out the statistical analysis of data.  Results:- About 30 individuals participated in the study. With 46.7% of the sample (n = 14) being male and 53.3% (n = 16) being female, the average age was determined to be 38.8 years. Following ocular prosthesis, anophthalmic patients show a significant shift in psychological sentiments. After the prosthesis-induced cosmetic alteration, participants were found to be more motivated and there has been a noticeable improvement in their psychological well-being. Discharge and watering were the most frequent prosthetic-related concerns after the prosthesis use. None of the prosthetic wearers underwent additional cosmetic surgery since they were content with the results in comparison to their earlier situation and were not interested in making any changes.  Conclusion:- It was found that using an eye prosthesis significantly reduces feelings of anxiety, insecurity, and inferiority complex and thus improves the quality of life of anopthalmic patients in every aspect. Disorders of anxiety and depression appear to be underdiagnosed in those who use prosthetic eyes. Therefore, routine clinical therapy should include the use of standardized psychometric screening for these depression and anxiety disorders.

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