Manual work is taken over the robot technology and many of the related robot appliances are being used extensively also. Here represents the technology that proposed the working of Cleaning Robot which picks up the plastic debris and other waste and litter from the terrain. The coordinates of the area to be cleaned is selected from centralized control system (CCS) which is controlled manually. The robot receives coordinate data through RF Module from the CCS to clean that particular area. . It works on four paddle wheel drive system and can perform sweeping task. This robot is incorporated with Ultrasonic Sensors for obstacle detection and automatic waste transfer. Apart from wheel driving system four motors are used, one for roller with brush mechanism, left and right movement link mechanism, waste transfer mechanism and rotavator mechanism. All motors are operated using relay switching on and off sequence. Initially the robot sweeps the waste to the primary collector, when primary collector is filled, it will automatically dump the waste to the secondary collector using sensor based controlled motor. If the garbage inside the secondary collector is filled up to the maximum level, it will alert the CSS. The data regarding amount of waste in each robot and the waste level present on the terrain is stored in the database and the cleaning can be monitored from CSS. It has anti-theft alert system which automatically alerts the operator if the robot crosses beyond the area under coordinates. All hardware and software operations are controlled by Arduino Mega2560, a Microcontroller Board based on ATMega1280 and whole circuitry is powered with 12V battery.
Keywords : Centralized control system,Litter, RF link,robot,Main machine system