Servant Leadership is getting to the Root of Positive Forms of Leadership, A Leader is a Servant First


Authors : Dr. John Motsamai Modise; Dr. Kishore Raga

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 2 - February

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3ZInH2w

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7723021

This review paper advances our knowledges in leadership by providing a detail discussion on servant leadership evolution and the current leadership theories which is relational leadership theories. According to the paper, a servant leadership paradigm's pervasive notion of service permeates the relationship between leaders and followers (Greenleaf: 1977) and encourages workers, which may serve as a bridge to start reestablishing community relations (Lester, 1983: 173; Whitson, 2020: 241). The fundamental tenet of servant leadership is that those who put their followers' needs ahead of their own are the ones who will most effectively motivate their flock (Greenleaf, 1970). Humble leaders foster great relationships with followers and motivate them to put their all into their work because they care more about others than themselves (Owens & Hekman, 2012). According to the philosophy of servant leadership, the leader must first put the interests of the followers first before serving the mentor (Burch, Swails, & Mills, 2015; Spears, 2010; van Dierendonck, 2011). The servant leader is someone of character and moral impact who prioritizes the needs of others while being a strong communicator, a compassionate team builder, and a systems thinker with vision, according to Greenleaf, the author of the foundational research on the servant leadership theory (Greenleaf, 1977). After reading the literature on servant leadership, which is not a novel idea and can be connected to the example of figures like Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., and Mother Theresa who advocated it as the best way to approach leadership (Sendjaya & Sarros, 2002). The work of Robert Greenleaf, who more than 30 years ago invented the term "servant leadership," brought the idea back into the academic literature (Dannhauser, 2007). Many well-known leadership writers and thinkers adopted a new way of thinking as a result of Greenleaf's ideas on leadership. Despite initial opposition to the idea, which was mostly due to perceived contradictions in and misconceptions of the language, servant leadership has gained momentum as shown by the rising number of research works on the topic (Sendjaya & Sarros, 2002; Van Dierendonck, 2011).

Keywords : Servant Leadership, Employee, Community Relations, Attributes of Servant Leadership, Servant Leadership Qualities, Jesus Dilemma Servant, Benefits of Servant Leadership, Criticism on Servant Leadership

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