The following three phases are commonly
followed when doing a thorough inspection of the facial
and dental appearance: Macro-estheticsare the
proportions of the face in all three planes of space, while
micro-esthetics are the proportions of the dentition in
respect to the face, and micro-esthetics are the
proportions of the teeth in relation to one another.
Microesthetics entails evaluating tooth height and
breadth proportions, gingival shape and contour,
connectors and embrasures, black triangular holes, and
tooth shade. The elements impacting microesthetics that
must be addressed in the construction of an orthodontic
problem list if an ideal aesthetic is to be achieved are
presented in this review paper.