This paper presents a review on the growth of
the Sal forest. It is a natural forest having a large socioeconomic value. Natural Sal forests occur mainly on
sandy loam soil developed from under hilly areas in
different parts of India. It is mainly found in Jharkhand,
Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, and
Himachal Pradesh. The variation in the growth, quality,
and distribution of Sal is mostly influenced by soil-site
characteristics. The growth of Sal forest is highly
affected by physical properties (climate, temperature,
and soil texture) and chemical properties like soil
nutrients (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium). The
paper describes the physical and chemical properties
which support the growth of the Sal forest and the
knowledge of these physicochemical properties will help
to design and manage the growth of Sal forest.
Natural Sal forest, sandy-loam soil, soil properties, soil nutrients.