Research and Analysis in the Human Resources Management of Vietnamese Buddhist temples in Modern times Root Causes and Solutional Suggestions to Improve HR Retention among Bhikkhus/Bhikkhunis

Authors : Cao Nguyen Bao Ngoc

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 9 - September

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When viewed as an organization, a Buddhist temple also consists of many factors, all of which work together to ensure that the day-to-day processes are on the right track and the long-term goals are well within reach. The most valuable factor among those is human resources. When talking about human resources in the management of Buddhist temples, we are talking about 3 groups of people, namely the Abbot - the representatives of the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha (VBS) in a temple, other monks or nuns in this pagoda (Bhikkhus/Bhikkhunis or Sangha members), and the lay followers (Upāsaka or Upāsikā) who come to the pagoda to learn and practice the Buddha's teaching from time to time. Our main focus here is the Bhikkhus/Bhikkhunis and how the Abbot can boost or improve the retention among the Bhikkhus/Bhikkhunis in his/her temple. To avoid disrobing, it takes more than just effort from the Bhikkhus/Bhikkhunis. Basically, it takes leadership, environment, method, fellow practitioners, and courage. In the scope of this research, the goal is to find out the factors that affect ordained life and ways to eliminate them, especially from Abbot’s perspective. From there, it will present areas for improvement and actions to take to reduce the disrobing rate among Bhikkhus/Bhikkhunis in Vietnam in modern times. According to a report from Vietnam Buddhist Sangha which was presented on 10th July 2020 in Quang Duc Monastery, there are 15778 certified Buddhist temples out of 18491 Buddhist centers, with 54773 Bhikkhus/Bhikkhunis in Vietnam. ( Among them, none has announced their achievement of Enlightenment. That is to say, there are at least 15778 temples under the management of on-the-process practitioners, not awakened practitioners, who are struggling with their own practice and are responsible for the practice of other practitioners in their temples. With the findings from this research, all Bhikkhus/Bhikkhunis in Vietnam can have a clearer view of some internal and external factors that prevent them from living and practicing Buddhism successfully as Sangha members, therefore taking action to handle them properly.


Paper Submission Last Date
29 - February - 2024

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