Refusals Strategies in British English and Mamujunese Cultures


Authors : Syarifuddin; Abdul Hakim Yassi; Harlinah Sahib

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 1 - January

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3HIUmyk

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7588466

The research aims to elaborate on the refusal strategies of British Englisih and Mamujunese cultures, to investigate to demonstrate the different types of refusal in English and Mamujunese; and to reveal the phenomenon of sending regards and facing a financial problem as a refusal strategy in Mamujunese cultures through the influence of status and kinship. The researcher was collected the primary data from 118 respondents of Mamujunese speakers by conducting DCT with two variables namely the influence of status and kinship. In English data, the researcher was collected data from conversation in YouTube and DCT in quora platform. The data were analyzed based on compilation of strategy by four linguists, namely: Beebe and Takahashi (1991), Felix-Brasdefer (2003), Mohammed T. Jasim (2017), and Wijayanto (2019). This research used mix method two find the data, which are quantitative and qualitative data. The results reveal that the kind of refusal strategies do selected Mamujunese speaker and British English in refusing are for Direct: Performative and Non performative, for indirect : statement of regret/apology, statement of alternative, statement of principle, promise, Reason/excuse/explanation, Attempt to dissuade interlocutor, wish, acceptance function as refusal, invoking god, putting the blame on third party, set condition for future acceptance, Expressing awkwardness, Facing a financial problem, and sending regards, then for adjunct:appreciation/gratitude, agreement/support/ positive opinion, well wishing, and Filler. Sending regards and facing a financial problem are added by researcher based on the phenomenon found in the data as the modification of theory developed by linguists. Then, refers to the fact that social status and kinship play important role in refusal whereas from first party and third party. Invitation via Third party is exist and tend to demonstrate sending regards as a new strategy of refusal. Another strategy exist is facing a financial problem. It appears because there is gift-giving culture from Mamujunese society, whereas people tend to use statement that explain they do not have financial enough to attend the formal invitations

Keywords : Refusal Strategy, Invitation, Politeness, Cross Cultural Pragmatics.

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