-Introduction: The context here relates to the
explanation of the current situation of psychosocial care
organizations for cannabis addicts in the city of Goma in
eastern DRC. The results in this regard concern the
impact of governance on care structures, the
involvement of households and communities for its
success in the city of Goma. More than 2800 dependent
adolescents are under care of five centres in the city.
Methodology: A sample of 166 respondants, where 36
adolescents, 37 parents and 93 responsible of caring
centres and political leaders were interviewed to testified
about the current situation of psychosocial services of
drug addicted people. Causes, perception or attitude and
recommendation for remedy were outlined during the
different methodological technics. In-depth Interview
and FGDS were administered using Kobo collect tool.
Stata Analysis software was used for quantitative data.
The Frequencies, percentages and rate were used as
statistical interpretation parameters.
Resultats: The study highlights the influence of friends
(0.53), curiosity (0.22) as well as the difficulties of life
(0.17) were the reason of taking cannabis. However, we
note that many of them persist in the consumption
following easy access (0.89). Unemployment is also
mentioned as a reason for dependency, although with a
reduced proportion (0.11). although the mobilization of
funds (75.68%) as well as the passivity of the law on the
regulation of the production and marketing of
psychoactive substances (59.46%) are the most
formulated in terms of proposals for better care, several
other proposals were provided to us by our respondents,
in particular: the creation and equipment of other
rehabilitation centres, the supervision of children in
schools on the fight against drug addiction, job creation
as well as a surveillance system in public institutional.
Conclusion: the lack of qualified personnel, the weak
support from government and other non-governmental
actors, the insufficient financial means of the centres, the
high cost of care for patients, the passivity of the law on
the regulation of production, marketing and of cannabis
consumption. The results show the impotence of the
community in psychosocial support, its indifference to
the harmful effects of drug addiction as well as the
incapacity of households in the supervision of
adolescents, which makes the scale more glaring and
worrying. The complexity of drug addiction in the city of
Goma remains a puzzle.
Drug addiction, Adolescents, Dependant on cannabis, psychosocial services, DR Congo