Quality of Psychosocial Services on the Care of Adolescents Dependent on Cannabis in Goma City: Extent of Drug Addiction in DR Congo


Authors : MugandaNzigiréGertrude; Margret Kaseje; Charles Wafula; Lévis K. Nyavanda

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 2 - February

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3yqUdu8

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7712536

-Introduction: The context here relates to the explanation of the current situation of psychosocial care organizations for cannabis addicts in the city of Goma in eastern DRC. The results in this regard concern the impact of governance on care structures, the involvement of households and communities for its success in the city of Goma. More than 2800 dependent adolescents are under care of five centres in the city. Methodology: A sample of 166 respondants, where 36 adolescents, 37 parents and 93 responsible of caring centres and political leaders were interviewed to testified about the current situation of psychosocial services of drug addicted people. Causes, perception or attitude and recommendation for remedy were outlined during the different methodological technics. In-depth Interview and FGDS were administered using Kobo collect tool. Stata Analysis software was used for quantitative data. The Frequencies, percentages and rate were used as statistical interpretation parameters. Resultats: The study highlights the influence of friends (0.53), curiosity (0.22) as well as the difficulties of life (0.17) were the reason of taking cannabis. However, we note that many of them persist in the consumption following easy access (0.89). Unemployment is also mentioned as a reason for dependency, although with a reduced proportion (0.11). although the mobilization of funds (75.68%) as well as the passivity of the law on the regulation of the production and marketing of psychoactive substances (59.46%) are the most formulated in terms of proposals for better care, several other proposals were provided to us by our respondents, in particular: the creation and equipment of other rehabilitation centres, the supervision of children in schools on the fight against drug addiction, job creation as well as a surveillance system in public institutional. Conclusion: the lack of qualified personnel, the weak support from government and other non-governmental actors, the insufficient financial means of the centres, the high cost of care for patients, the passivity of the law on the regulation of production, marketing and of cannabis consumption. The results show the impotence of the community in psychosocial support, its indifference to the harmful effects of drug addiction as well as the incapacity of households in the supervision of adolescents, which makes the scale more glaring and worrying. The complexity of drug addiction in the city of Goma remains a puzzle.

Keywords : Drug addiction, Adolescents, Dependant on cannabis, psychosocial services, DR Congo

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