Productivity and profitability are vital concepts functional in understanding the performance achievement by a hotel. The hotel productivity may be measured by using numerous parameters. However, the HR has major role in influencing hotel productivity. It is also true that the productivity of hotel employees ‘workers does not often lead to profitability of the hotel venture. The stake holders especially banker advancing loans insists improvement in Productivity since the banker assumes it is one of the ways to augment the hotel business profitability leading to punctual loan repayment. The hotel productivity for profit boost may be attained by maneuvering the factors of production and HR factor of production plays a vital role in influencing the productivity. The research methodology of the study consists of both exploratory and descriptive studies. Under exploratory methods, the survey of selected books on hotel industry was done. This has facilitated to select 88 star hotels, 113 A/B Grade Hotels and 127 C/D grade hotels by using judgment sampling technique from the Hotel population in Pune under respective Category .While using the judgment sampling technique, the weightage are given to size of employees and continuous functioning of hotels for the last 10 or more years. The measuring scale is five point Likert and 100 Point liker extended techniques for arriving at the value for sample group (Thomson and J. Strickland , 2003).