Prevention of Infections in Cesarean Surgery Wounds: Systematic Review


Authors : Gladis Fernanda Guamán-Joyasaca; Isabel Cristina Mesa-Cano; Andrés Alexis Ramírez-Coronel; Elvia Narcisa Godoy Durán

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 3 - March

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/2P7YvTx

The main objective was to determine the factors, techniques and methods that influence the prevention of infections in operative wounds by cesarean section. For this, a systematic review was carried out, with the purpose of configuring a theoretical foundation whose scientific basis contributes to nursing practice worldwide. The methodology applied for this systematic review started from a search strategy where the inclusion and exclusion criteria were identified, the specification of the fundamental keywords for the organized exploration of the publications through medical search engines: Pubmed, medigraph, Scielo, Dialnet, Elsevier, with a maximum seniority of 5 years in Spanish and English. As a result, a selection of 30 highimpact articles was obtained. The main variables were related to infections at the surgical site, caesarean sections, post-caesarean wounds, care and prevention of wound infections. The main findings show a multiplicity of risk factors associated with this type of infection that can be prevented through the appropriateness of antibiotic prophylaxis, correct hair removal, maintenance of normothermia, assessment of functional patterns, maintenance of normoglycemia, Performing cultures and haemociliants in the event of clinical suspicion of possible wound infections and active surveillance of post-cesarean section SSI Among the conclusions, it is worth highlighting that the characterization of infections in cesarean section wounds and the identification of associated risk factors allow us to understand the importance of application of prevention techniques and methods that, from nursing practice, can be applied to avoid postoperative complications in cesarean section such as wound infections.

Keywords : Infections in Surgical Wounds, Wounds, Caesarean Section, Prevention, Care

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