Preparedness of Provincial Jails in Handling PDL’s Exhibiting Mental Incapacity; A Policy Paper

Authors : Jean Percel Bitoca – Degollado

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 5 - May

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Equality is a concept for everyone it is to be enjoyed not just by the free man but also the unfree ones. This concept involves equality to health care services, wherein it is not very well observed in the world of the unfree. Rule 25 of Nelson Mandela rules, iterates that every prison shall have in place a health-care service that evaluates, promotes, protects and improve not just the physical but also the mental health of prisoners. The aim of this study is to trace the procedures and programs of the Provincial Jails in handling PDLs exhibiting mental incapacity as part of their institutional preparedness. This research is quantitative research and descriptive in design, it has used frequency distribution as the statistical treatment. (1) Conduct of Psychological evaluation of Persons deprived of liberty before commitment to the facility, (2) presence of psychologist and psychiatrist, (3) Separate portion in the facility intended for the psychological, psychiatric evaluation room; (4) Intended portion or cell in the facility for housing PDLs exhibiting untoward behavior caused by mental disability, until further decision for transfer to a proper mental health facility, (5) In-house Counselling program for PDLs who are in need of help to vent out their situation; are among the programs and procedures of the Provincial Jails that are marked as “not implemented”. While (1) Risk assessment or evaluation is conducted for the PDLs to measure their risk level from the time of the commitment, (2) Conduct of Training on Disability Assessment for Provincial Jail Personnel. Doctors and Nurses shall be given proper training on disability assessment, (3) Conduct of seminars like stress management seminar for inmate’s awareness, (4) Facilitate stress debriefing to address inmate’s trauma; are among the programs and procedures that are seen to be “partially implemented”. With the results from the data gathered and those programs and procedures marked as “not implemented”, it could be concluded that Provincial Jails still lacks preparedness and still needs further policy construction when it comes to handling persons deprived of liberty with mental incapacity.


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