East Java is one of the provinces in Indonesia
that has many potential renewable energy sources to be
developed in order to support Indonesia's energy
security. The potential for renewable energy in East
Java is very large, so good management is needed.
Energy potential as a national vital object in East Java
is meant such as Geothermal and Hydroelectric Power
Plants (PLTA). Although dependence on the use of fossil
energy is still high, the Provincial Government of East
Java has entered an era of energy transition, namely the
transition from fossil energy to a new renewable energy
system. This is because the potential availability of fossil
energy is dwindling while people's needs are increasing.
Therefore, an alternative is needed to maintain energy
security in the availability of energy to meet the needs of
the community, namely renewable energy. In addition,
the transition to renewable energy is one of the agendas
in helping the government to achieve the Net Zero
Emission goal because new and renewable energy is
categorized as green energy that is environmentally
friendly so that it can minimize the threat of greenhouse
gas effects and reduce emissions. This research was
conducted using a qualitative descriptive method by
conducting interviews from research sources and
supported by literature sources. With this, it is hoped
that the results of this research can be used as
guidelines by other local governments in optimizing the
potential of renewable energy.
Keywords : Energy Security, Renewable Energy, East Java.