Potential Analysis and Regulations of Solar Power Plant Development in Indonesia

Authors : Mochamad Tauffauzan Catur Junihartomo; Suyono Thamrin; M. Sidik Boedoyo

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 4 - April

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3kWShmn

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6519378

Coal energy is still dominantly used as fuel for power plants as a system for meeting the needs of electrical energy in Indonesia. At the end of 2021 the government issued a policy to limit coal exports with the aim of meeting coal needs for general electricity. The government predicts that by 2025 the need for electricity will reach 125 GW, and the government also issues policies with the aim of renewing energy having a role in 2025 by 5% and specifically for solar power plant contributing 800 MW. The method used is a literature study that is used to collect data relating to renewable energy policies, the potential for new and renewable energy in Indonesia, the potential of each province related to the use of solar energy, problems that still exist in the development of PV mini-grid, and analysis of solutions for development. next solar power plant. The potential for solar power plant development in Indonesia where solar energy has a potential of 207,898 MW in all parts of Indonesia, but in practice the use of solar energy is still minimal at 0.04%. The government has the responsibility in managing national energy for the availability of national energy, various policies and regulations are issued for the development of new and renewable energy, especially in the development of solar power plant. Several problems also still arise related to the development of PV minigrid, especially in remote and outermost areas in Indonesia, such as the high cost of development and the lack of investors in new and renewable energy. The government should also strive to implement policies and regulations in order to achieve the target in the medium term of 2025 by providing flexible policies to investors and also on technical developments that need to be standardized for products.

Keywords : National Energy Policy, Solar power plant, Regulation, Development Potential, Indonesia.


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