Phytochemical Screening of Saccharum Officinarum (Linn.) Stem.

Authors : Dr. Vandna Pathak, Vipin Kumar Tiwari.

Volume/Issue : Volume 2 - 2017, Issue 8 - August

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Phytochemical screening is an important step which leads to the isolation of new and novel compounds. Saccharum officinarum (L.), family- Poaceae, is popularly known as noble cane, due to it’s high sucrose content and low fiber content is one of the important industrial crops of the world. Stem of Saccharum officinarum were selected for phytochemical screening to identify the different classes of metabolites. Solvent extract of the plant material with the help of different solvents in the increasing order of polarity was taken. Benzene, Chloroform, Ethanol, methanol and Water revealed that Methanol & Water to be the best solvent in extracting metabolites from Saccharum officinarum. Phytochemical analysis of the extracts revealed presence of carbohydrates, proteins, alkaloids, flavonoids, Saponins, tannins & reducing sugar in stem of the saccharum officinarum. These studies provide referential information for correct identification and standardization of this plant material. Key words: Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Phytochemical, saponins, tannins.

Keywords : Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Phytochemical, Saponins, Tannins.


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