Several developed countries have implemented
pharmacy health coaching on chronic diseases; however,
no research has been found on pharmacy health coaching
on substance use disorder, where addiction is a chronic
disease similar to diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Meanwhile, the concept of the pharmacy health
coachingmodel is different among researchers. This study
aimed to determine health professionals' perspectives on
pharmacy health coaching competencies through focus
group discussion (FGD). Methods: The FGD was
conducted with 11 health professionals in different
institutions and professions. A purposive sampling strategy
was used. The discussion results were recorded and
transcribed verbatim for further thematic analysis
inductively. Results: The FGD lasted for 150 minutes,
where the saturation of answers from the participants was
fulfilled. We found that the competencies included attitude,
knowledge, and skills. Attitudes covered confidence,
accountability, high spirits, and strong encouragement,
considering that addiction patients highly tend to relapse.
The knowledge included drugs and their effects, brain
disease, pharmacology of drugs used for comorbid
addiction patients, the concept of medication adherence,
and the trans-theoretical model stage of change.
Meanwhile, the skills included practical communication
skills, collaboration skills, consultation skills, and mastery
of motivational interviewing. Conclusion: The
competencies, including attitude, knowledge, and skills of
pharmacy health coaches, must be provided through a
structured, systematic, and measurable training process by
professionals in their field.
Keywords : Medication adherence, pharmaceutical services, motivational interviewing, quality of life, substance-related disorders, pharmacy health coaching.