Overview of Environmental Management in Petroleum Refineries: Case Study of S0x and N0x Air Pollutants


Authors : Rilwan Omogbolahan Anjorin, Sheyin Israel Amos

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 4 - April

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3b4RqbC

The fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) generates the highest air pollutants of all petroleum refining processes. Flue gas DeS0x and DeN0x are vital to maintain air quality standard. BioDeS0x and BioDeN0x processes are potential means of maintaining air quality standards in areas of FCCU operations in Nigeria. This is because BioDeS0x and BioDeN0x processes offer definite advantages over traditional DeS0x and DeN0x processes available world over. These advantages are: low carbon emission, no risks of secondary pollutants generated, production of biological elemental sulphur and nitrogen with economic benefits, and efficiency of process greater than 98% as compared to traditional DeS0x methods which have process efficiency greater than 90%. Therefore, Nigerian Government, air standards monitoring and enforcement agencies must make deliberate decision to enact policies and regulations that abates release of air pollutants and one way to do so is through enforcing FCCU operating refineries to deploy BioDeS0x and BioDeN0x processes to clean the flue gas generated from the FCCU.

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