Nort Aceh Commmunity Social Capital in Poverty Alleviation


Authors : Ferizaldi; Kismartini; Sri Suwitri; Hardi Warsono

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 6 - June

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3yR7ixG

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6812574

Abstract : North Aceh Regency, which is one of the regencies of Aceh Province with the largest population of poor people, Based on data published by the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) in 2017 shows that North Aceh is the poorest area in Aceh with a total poor population of 115.06 thousand people, or 19, 46% of the total population. This condition is very ironic in the midst of the implementation of Indonesia's special autonomy status in Aceh with more powers as a result of the peace agreement between the Government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM). Many policies have been taken to overcome them, but the social capital approach is still not massive and intensive. This study uses an exploratory qualitative approach, namely trying to understand the Social Capital of the North Aceh Community in Poverty Reduction. Sources of data obtained from conducting interviews, observations and documentation, then processed with an interactive model, the informants in this study were determined purposively. The results showed that the identified social capital of the people of North Aceh in tackling poverty was sourced from the Social Norms and Social Values prevailing in Acehnese society as part of the teachings of Islam. The recommendation given to this problem is to use a social capital approach through the Social Norms and Social Values of the Acehnese people to tackle poverty locally, including revitalizing the existence of BaitulMal down to the gampong (village) level.

Keywords : Poverty, Social Capital, Norh Aceh.

North Aceh Regency, which is one of the regencies of Aceh Province with the largest population of poor people, Based on data published by the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) in 2017 shows that North Aceh is the poorest area in Aceh with a total poor population of 115.06 thousand people, or 19, 46% of the total population. This condition is very ironic in the midst of the implementation of Indonesia's special autonomy status in Aceh with more powers as a result of the peace agreement between the Government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM). Many policies have been taken to overcome them, but the social capital approach is still not massive and intensive. This study uses an exploratory qualitative approach, namely trying to understand the Social Capital of the North Aceh Community in Poverty Reduction. Sources of data obtained from conducting interviews, observations and documentation, then processed with an interactive model, the informants in this study were determined purposively. The results showed that the identified social capital of the people of North Aceh in tackling poverty was sourced from the Social Norms and Social Values prevailing in Acehnese society as part of the teachings of Islam. The recommendation given to this problem is to use a social capital approach through the Social Norms and Social Values of the Acehnese people to tackle poverty locally, including revitalizing the existence of BaitulMal down to the gampong (village) level.

Keywords : Poverty, Social Capital, Norh Aceh.

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