Nepal’s borders on the east, west, and south are connected/adjoining to India, while that on the north is connected with China. A range of high Himalayans lie on the border between Nepal and China, elongating from east to west, while the southern border with India is stretched by a plain landmarks. Nepal and China have a controlled border system whereas an open border system border exists in between Nepal and India. Nepali’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and national security are its national interests but as an independent nation we do not have defined and demarcated boundaries with India. For an independent nation, failure to protect its boundary is equal to failure in protecting its national security. When borders are not regulated and protected, the country plugs into a mess of conflicts, cries and sufferings that, in the long run, would lead to no less than a catastrophe. There are more than 20 districts, out of bordering 26 districts with India, have border encroachment issues between Nepal and India. Susta in Nawalparasi, Kalapani in Darchula, Mechi border, Thori Tanakpur, Pashupatinagar, lalpatti, Timbapokhari etc are the major and large area border encroachment. The reliable and scientific ways to border management has not been identified yet. However, SSB have been deployed by India in border to control security threat specially targeted to control ISI activities in Nepal. India always looks its relation with Nepal through security eyes. All most Nepali delegates (high level) visiting in India assures that Nepali is sensitive on India’s security matter. They confess in front of Indian authority but India has not given the stress to permanent solution of open border and border encroachment that has made troublesome to India and Nepal both time and again.
Keywords : Morass, Encroachment, Catastrophe, National interest, Border Demarcation, No-man’s land, Equi-distance, Equi-proxomity, Masonary piller /Junge piller.