Morphometrics of Caste System and Colony Structure of the Asian Weaver Ant, Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius, 1775 (Hymenoptera Formicidae) from Cacao Farms in Luzon Island, Philippines


Authors : Anthony Ian G. Pag-ong; Dulce Marie P. Nisperos

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 2 - February

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3EeJFS5

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7649380

Morphometric measurements were applied to the caste system of the Asian weaver ant Oecophylla smaragdina Fab. 1775 collected from two cacao farms in Luzon Island, Philippines namely: gyne (deleate ant/reproductive female with shed wings); female alate (female reproductive with wings); and male alate (male reproductive). Length, width, and height dimensions for the brood (egg, larvae, and pupae) were also taken and recorded. The morphological measurements and inferential analysis for broods are made available with other caste systems as most studies of this nature delves into worker caste and not the reproductive and broods. A total of nine weaver ant nests were extracted from the two sites of study. Each nest was dissected and the specimens were separated according to caste. The colony structure of O. smaragdina consisted of a deleate queen, eggs, larvae of female alates, pupae of major and minor workers, pupae of female alates, major workers, minor workers, female alates, and male alates. The study shows that O. smaragdina had a distinct caste system and the frequency of individuals in each caste reflect their respective functions which show eusocial behavior that contributed to the success of their colony

Keywords : Caste System, Cacao Farm, Colony Structure, Oecopphylla Smaragdina.

CALL FOR PAPERS


Paper Submission Last Date
29 - February - 2024

Paper Review Notification
In 1-2 Days

Paper Publishing
In 2-3 Days

Video Explanation for Published paper

Never miss an update from Papermashup

Get notified about the latest tutorials and downloads.

Subscribe by Email

Get alerts directly into your inbox after each post and stay updated.
Subscribe
OR

Subscribe by RSS

Add our RSS to your feedreader to get regular updates from us.
Subscribe