The reform movement was born and developed in the environment of churches and communities in Europe in the middle ages. Basically, this movement is the struggle of Christians to renew the practice and teachings of the Roman Catholic church. The relationship between the church and the government at that time was so close that the influence of the church’s power was quite large; even tends to be authoritarian. Many community members complain about the poor condition of the church, such as the hypocritical and obscene attitudes and actions of church leaders and subordinates. Berkhof and Enklaar also said that “most people feel dissatisfied with the teachings of the church that do not give freedom to everyone to deal directly with the God they worship” (1983: 119). The data obtained is read and recorded on the data cards that have been provided. After that, the data is classified according to the focus of the problem to be studied. Furthermore, data analysis was carried out by using the interdisciplinary study approach as applied in the American study.
Keywords : Migration, Culture, Religion, Puritans, American.