Microplastics are Ubiquitous, but their Deleterious Effects are a Serious Concern to Our Environment – A Mini Review

Authors : Aman Pratap Singh; Vishant Varma; Raju. V. John

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 4 - April

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3ku9vai

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6505333

Microplastics (MPs) is Present everywhere from the great Himalayas to deep oceans. It is a new type of pollutant in our environment. Microplastics are polymers plastic particles that are synthetic or semisynthetic and have an average size of less than 5mm. On an average 11kg of plastic is consumed per capita in India which is 9 times smaller than per capita consumption in America. 100 million plastic bottles are used per day by the whole world. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an overabundance of microfiber waste, Personal Protective Waste (PPE), primarily from hospitals, homes, schools, streets, river garbage, and other locations throughout the world. There are several types of analysis and quantification methods used to accurately determination of microplastics Such as microscope, µFTIR spectroscopy, µ-Raman spectroscopy, ATR -FTIR spectroscopy, Pyrolysis gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, etc. Microplastic contamination becomes a growing concern in every aspect of our environment yet there have been comparatively few studies in India. Marine systems have received much more attention than other compartments such as fresh water, air, terrestrial, and human consumables in the overall number of studies published on microplastic prevalence in Indian Habitats. The purpose of this paper is to provide a better understanding of the evaluation of previously conducted studies. We intend to make a significant step towards the harmonization of microplastic particle analysis in all environment matrices.

Keywords : Microplastic, µFTIR Spectroscopy, Plastic Bottle, Synthetic, Fresh Water, Environment Matrices.


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31 - December - 2023

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