Metaphysics and it’s Relation with Medicines: A Descriptive Review


Authors : Shivani Chib

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 3 - March

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3Kv3FRB

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6433780

I argue in this paperopposite to the thinking of some philosopher that there is a direct link exist between philosophers and medicines. From the conventionaltime to the modern era, the basis of medicine is philosophy. This is true especially in case of modern medicine which totally based on the philosophies of two great philosopher, Descartes and Bacon. These two disciplines such as philosophy and science seemto obey the Descartes goals,according to which, philosophy is the quest for truth whereas medicine implies the quest for health. They both try to enhance the human wellbeing in complimentary ways.In one side, where medicines attemptto fight with the diseases of the body that are caused by bacteria and viruses and all other somatic diseases, philosophy on the other side, try to fightagainst diseases of the mind such as half-truth, prejudices, wooly judgement and uncritical conceptof the world health and disease, which may have their direct effect on health and healthy delivery. While using an essential example, I try to explain that there are many questions that raises while during the practice of medicines and these questions are beyond the scope of medicines. These are thequestion to which only philosophy cangive answer because they are under its scope. Physician are daily challenged with question in such philosophical areas such as metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and logic. Moreover,I argue that over-dependence on cartesian ontology is one of the debilities of western medicines, which considers that human bodies are like machines which can be studied by using scientific logic, and the physician is like technician whose job is to repair the function of the body. The result of this modern metaphysical outlooks is that they neglect to consider the patient as a subjective being, and without reviewing the cartesian reductionist world view,this deficiency cannot be overcome. At the end, if medicines achieve happiness by healthy body then metaphysics achieve happiness by healing the soul, and together they both work for human wellbeing. Both disciplines therefore have therapeutic end.

Keywords : philosophy, medicines, metaphysics, epistemology, logic

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