Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Atherosclerosis Among Young Adults

Authors : Y Prabhukumar; Subhashini

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 7 - July

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DOI : 10.38124/IJISRT20JUL827

Atherosclerosis is responsible for 50% of all death in Weston societies and it is a chronic inflammatory disease of arteries1 . Heart attacks, stroke and peripheral arterial diseases are developed by atherosclerotic diseases. The incidence is difficult to measure accurately due to its asymptomatic condition. Over 370,000 death occurs annually due to coronary heart disease in the modernized society. Men over 45 years are more predominant to develop plague rupture and it contributes 75% of myocardial infarctions1 . 90% cardiovascular disease related death can be prevented by lifestyle changes. A descriptive study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge of younger adults on prevention of atherosclerosis in outpatient department, Baptist hospital, Bangalore. Hundred voluntaries are enrolled to the study and prior consent was taken. The mean age of the study participant are 29.4 ± 5.2 years and 53.0% were males and 47.0% were females. 34.0% are graduates. In the regards to level of knowledge it was classified as adequate, moderate and Inadequate and the result is 27.0%, 56.0% and 17.0% respectively. The chi-square value of χ 2 = 4.29 (p=0.116) between Educational status and level of knowledge and χ 2 = 4.76 (p=0.092) between gender and level of knowledge shows, there is no statistically significant associations. Pearson correlation coefficient was calculated for age and income with knowledge. The r = 0.08 (p=0.434) of age and knowledge, r = -0.05 (p=0.632) of income and knowledge both shows negligible correlation with no significance.  Conclusion This study concludes that the knowledge on prevention of atherosclerosis among young adults are moderate and there is no relationship was observed with knowledge and educational status, gender, age and income. This result may suggest to have awareness programme on prevention of atherosclerosis among young adults to improve their lifestyle by enhancing the knowledge.

Keywords : Athrosclerosis, Younger Adults, Cardiovascular Disease, Knowledge On Prevention.


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