After the defeat of Japan in World War II, major changes took place in Japan. The constitutionality of the Emperor as an incarnation of god or arahitogami (living God) was abolished, but in reality the rituals associated with it were retained. Emperor Heisei is a tangible example, maintaining public confidence in mythology and spirituality yet open to change of modern democracy without leaving the traditional Japanese values. The existence of Imperial Institution provided harmonious relations among government and Imperial Household. Traditionally Shinto is substratum of Japan’s culture, and Emperor as iconic symbol of Japanese culture and modern democracy. To search and explain more about these phenomena, this study used historical, social, and cultural approaches to help explain the harmonious roles of Japan’s Emperor.
Keywords : Japanese Emperor, Culture, Spiritual, Hirohito, Amaterasu Omikami.