Advancement in automation systems is making life simple and easy with respect to all the aspects. In the modern era, automated systems are being favored over conventional systems. Over the past decade, the brisk increase in the number of internet users has made Internet a essential component of life. With such influence of Internet in our day-to-day life, the present generation is seeing a emergence of a new technology known as the ‘IoT: Internet of Things’. Internet of things is creating plexus of everyday objects ranging from industrial machine to consumer home appliances that share information and complete tasks while you are managing other activities. A Home Automation System uses computers or mobile devices to control basic home functions and features automatically through internet from anywhere around the world leading to the smart home concept, which is meant to save the electric power and human energy. The prime focus in developing such a system is to provide comfort for human life with a high efficiency, along with reduced power consumption. Real time monitoring of energy consumption is main objective of the system. This paper reviews different techniques of designing, developing and implementing IoT based Home Automation System.
Keywords : Internet of Things; automation; smart home; real-time; energy consumption.