Indonesian Government Policies for Education in Facing the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR)

Authors : Zaharah, Cut Dhien Nourwahida, Tri Harjawati, Ibnu Sina

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 3 - March

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Digital transformation In the industrial era 4.0, describing the world is entering a fourth-generation industrial revolution (Fourth Industrial Revolution, 4IR). The fourth-generation was marked by the emergence of supercomputers, smart robots, driverless vehicles, genetic editing and the development of neuroethology that enabled humans to further optimize brain function. It can be believed that there is integration between science and technology, and it was in this era that the Science and Technology were finally able to come together so that education in this era was an education that implemented a digital system. One product of the integration of information technology into the world of education is e-learning or electronic learning. In higher education institutions, e-learning has opened new understandings in terms of the teaching and learning process. In the industrial era, e-learning is considered capable of helping the process of increasing student competency. In the face of the industrial revolution, educators must follow the core competency program that is by the needs of the industrial revolution 4.0. Five important Kemenristekdikti (Ministry of Higher Education) policies must be implemented to encourage competitiveness in the global arena in the era of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, namely: (1). Preparation of more innovative learning systems in tertiary institutions, such as adjusting the learning curriculum, and increasing the ability of students in terms of Data Information Technology (IT), Operational Technology (OT), Internet of Things (IoT), and Big Data Analytics, integrating physical, digital and human objects to produce competitive and skilled college graduates, especially in the aspects of data literacy, technological literacy, and human literacy. (2). Reconstruction of higher education institutional policies that are adaptive and responsive to the industrial revolution 4.0. (3). Preparation of human resources especially educators and researchers as well as responsive, adaptive and reliable engineers to deal with the industrial revolution 4.0. (4). Breakthroughs in research and development that support the 4.0 Industrial Revolution and research and development ecosystems to improve the quality and quantity of research and development in universities, R&D institutions, LPNK, industry, and society. (5). Breakthrough innovation and strengthening innovation systems to increase industrial productivity and improve technology-based startups.

Keywords : 4IR, Government Policies, Education, Indonesia.


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