General Mobilization as Foundation of Japan’s War Machine in Pacific War

Authors : Astrid Prisma Astuti, I Ketut Surajaya.

Volume/Issue : Volume 3 - 2018, Issue 8 - August

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The political dynamics in Japan during the preWorld War II period brought changes in political and social economic order. The 1927-1931 periods were considered as radical shift in political order with the raise of ultranationalist and military group that overthrew government’s political party. This militaristic government carried economy to prepare country for next major war. The Sino-Japanese War of 1937 was the beginning of the general mobilization of the country’s economy and civil society. However, there is no special research focusing on general mobilization and economic War in the Pacific War period. The most recent aspect of this research was the analysis of war-torn economics on the general motions of the economic, industrial and labor sectors for the need of war such as air and sea armory and the role of the state in the mobilization. This study was important in terms of dark historical perspective of mankind as a lesson that totalitarian state power by military bureaucrats who conspire with corporations and technocrats result in massive warfare and massive casualties among the common people. Research on this topic is very few at the academic level in Indonesia. All data utilized in this research was obtained from library materials and government’s archive using qualitative method and historical approach.

Keywords : Economic War, Manchuria, Pacific War, Zaibatsu, General Mobilization.


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