Forecast of Risk of Osteoporosis Using Digital Orthopantomography as a Yard Stick – A Retrospective Study


Authors : Dr. Syeda Arshiya Ara; Dr. Pooja Devindrappa Naduvinkeri; Dr. Manasi Yashwant Nandedkar

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 2 - February

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3YdyhwX

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7691897

A number of indices have been developed to assess and quantify the quality of mandibular bone mass and to observe the signs of resorption using panoramic images.  Aim:- To evaluate the reliability of digital morphometric indices-Panoramic mandibular index (PMI), Mental index (MI)& Mandibular cortical index (MCI) in detection of osteoporosis.  Objectives:-  To investigate influence of age and gender for osteoporosis.  To assess digital radio morphometric indices with bone density in identifying risk group for osteoporosis.  Materials & Methods:- Retrospectively digital OPG images are collected from archives of stored data from CS 8100 care stream panoramic machine which are subjected to digital radio morphometric measurements to assess the bone mineralised density of mandibular bone. Samples are divided as follows (years)  Group-1: 21-30 Years.  Group-2: 31-40 Years.  Group-3: 41-50 Years.  Group-4: 51-60 Years.  Results:- According to gender MI, MCI &according to age PMI are significant in accessing risk of osteoporosis. Statistical analysis revealed that females & old age group subjects are more prone.  Conclusion:- Our study concluded that millions of people undergo OPG annually, so OPG is not only used for dental problems but can also be used as screening tool to prevent further complication of bone diseases. Well trained dental practitioner can detect low mineral bone density by simple screening analytical method, using above panoramic indices.

Keywords : OPGs, PMI, MI, & MCI

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