A good diet must be balanced, varied, healthy
and sufficient for a child's cognitive development. Unfortunately, Niger still has the highest school dropout rates
and undernutrition rates that exceed WHO standards.
The objective of this study is to investigate the correlation between the nutritional status of school children and
their diet in Niamey, the capital of Niger. The study was
conducted on a sample of 381 pupils aged 6 to 15 years
enrolled in three primary schools in Niamey. The study
included data on anthropometric measurements, dietary
habits and the socio-demographic level of the children.
BMI tables for children and adolescents aged 5-18 years
were used to assess the nutritional status of the children.
Statistical results were performed using Excel and SPSS.
According to these results, the overall prevalence of
underweight was 17.06%, overweight was 6.82% and
obesity was 2.10%. A significant relationship was observed between the female gender and nutritional status
(P=0.009) and between the age range 9-11 years and
nutritional status (P=0.0001)
Food Habits, Nutritional Status, Children, School Age, Niamey, Niger