A study to evaluate the profitability, acceptance and adoption of rice-fish farming in rice paddy fields in Igbariam Anambra State, Southeastern Nigeria, was carried out for a period of 56 week. A suitable site measuring one hectare was selected for the study in collaboration with a rice farmer. The land area was cleared, mapped out and divided into two experimental plots, each measuring 500m2 after leveling, tilling and constructing the banks of the rice paddies and installation of water control measures. There were two treatments namely T1 (sole rice plot) and T2 (rice fish plot). The experimental fishes were fed 5% of their body weight twice daily (8.00am and 6.00pm). The rice in T1 and T2 were routinely fertilized with 80kg of NPK fertilizer (40kg per application). Water quality parameters were routinely monitored. A total of 230kg (0.23ml) of rice was realized from T1 giving a gross revenues of N67,500 and a net revenue of N52,500. In T2, 300kg (0.30mt) of rice and 350kg (0.35mt) of fish were realized giving gross revenue of N82,500 and N199,500 from rice and fish respectively. Net revenue accruing from rice and fish in T2 were N62,500 and N150,500 respectively. The rice fish plot yielded more profit than the sole Rice plot. In addition T2 provided a source of first class animal protein for food, better nutrition, health and additional income.
Keywords : Rice-fish farming, Igbariam rice fields.