Abutment selection for fixed partial denture is
an important criterion for the success and longevity of the
prosthesis. The forces acting on the prosthesis are
dissipated along the abutments to the periodontal
ligament. The major cause of failure includes
inappropriate designing, taking improper materials for
fabrication, insufficient tooth preparation, and not having
enough knowledge regarding the biomechanics.
Abutment selection for fixed partial dentures involves
proper diagnostic ability and in-depth knowledge about
the stomatognathic system. This article review about the
diagnostic aspect and the factors influencing the
abutment selection for a fixed partial denture, which aids
in the long term success of the prosthesis.
Keywords : Abutment, Crown Root Ratio, Fixed Partial Denture, Occlusal Anatomy, Surface Area, Periodontium.