Factors associated with the Nutritional Status of Older Adults in Azogues – Ecuador


Authors : Rosa Elvira Minchala Urgiles, Maria de los Angeles Estrella Gonzalez, Pedro C. Martinez Suarez, Andres Alexis Ramirez-Coronel

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 4 - April

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

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Nutrition plays an important role in the aging process, through changes in the body's functions and body. Psychological, physical, economic and social aspects trigger nutritional changes in the elderly. The main objective was to determine the association of various factors to the nutritional status of the elderly at the Rosa Elvira Geriatric Center in Leon. A nonexperimental, observational, descriptive and analytical study was carried out. We worked with a sample of 36 people selected with non-probability sampling, for convenience. Eighty-one per cent were over 71 years of age, 67 per cent were women, 58 per cent were single, and 61 per cent had primary education. They carry out some type of physical activity p= 0.046 (67%), the number of daily meals they eat (3 varied meals) p= 0.002 (58%), they did not have loss of appetite for food p= 0.020 (69%), in the form of feeding, they do it alone without the need for help p= 0.001 (61%), and the time they have been in the geriatric center is also associated p= 0.001, 61% of the older adults are less than 5 years old. In conclusion, the highest percentage of older adults in the geriatric center remain within a normal nutritional state, due to the fact that, according to the average age, they still satisfy their needs, they feed themselves without the need for help, the three daily meals and they carry out some type of physical activity, since they have time available.

Keywords : Nutrition plays an important role in the aging process, through changes in the body's functions and body. Psychological, physical, economic and social aspects trigger nutritional changes in the elderly. The main objective was to determine the association of various factors to the nutritional status of the elderly at the Rosa Elvira Geriatric Center in Leon. A nonexperimental, observational, descriptive and analytical study was carried out. We worked with a sample of 36 people selected with non-probability sampling, for convenience. Eighty-one per cent were over 71 years of age, 67 per cent were women, 58 per cent were single, and 61 per cent had primary education. They carry out some type of physical activity p= 0.046 (67%), the number of daily meals they eat (3 varied meals) p= 0.002 (58%), they did not have loss of appetite for food p= 0.020 (69%), in the form of feeding, they do it alone without the need for help p= 0.001 (61%), and the time they have been in the geriatric center is also associated p= 0.001, 61% of the older adults are less than 5 years old. In conclusion, the highest percentage of older adults in the geriatric center remain within a normal nutritional state, due to the fact that, according to the average age, they still satisfy their needs, they feed themselves without the need for help, the three daily meals and they carry out some type of physical activity, since they have time available.

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