Malingering manifest as either imitating an
ophthalmic disease, or contradiction of ophthalmic
disease. In all cases of imitating or denial of ophthalmic
disease there is only one reason i.e. Benefit and
advantages. Benefit may be financial or nonfinancial.
Sometimes it may be the reason for escape of military
service or work, depletion of court penalty, tricky way of
getting compensation from insurance companies and
unnecessary free medicines or medical equipments.
Malingerer does everything to cheat
ophthalmologist/optometrist. Commonly it is associated
with concurrent diagnosis of depression, anxiety, panic
attacks, fibromyalgia and psychiatric disorders.
Keywords : Malingering, Simulation, Subjective, Objective, Optokinetic Nystagmus(OKN), Visually Evoked Potential (VEP).