In this article, an extensive review of the
presently available electric wheelchair design and its
impact on the life of disabled individuals is presented.
Patients with mobility impairments are well recognized
for their quality of life and physical activity, it is very
important to encourage the active lifestyle of these
people to live successfully in society. The design of the
mechanical components used in the wheelchair play a
critical role in providing good physical activity for
impaired people and their active social participation.
This review article focuses on the mechanical aspects of
the wheeled mobility devices and their main components
which help the disabled individuals to use them
effectively; such as propulsion systems, assistive
technologies, overuse injuries, and their modifications.
The role of design adjustments that enhance physical
activity and improve the quality of life has also been
Keywords : Electric Wheelchair, Disability, Modification, over injuries, Joystick.