Electric Mobility on Roads, a Boon or a Bane in Case of India


Authors : Saurabh Verma; Shritik Srivastava; Dr. Subhrajit Banerjee

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 2 - February

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3TmGbDi

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3yZFt5r

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7754562

As per The World Economic Forum ReportIndia has six out of top ten most polluted cities in the world and Air pollution kills over a million Indians every year. In 1885 when, an Otto four-stroke gas engine modified to run on petroleum vapour by Gottlieb Daimler at this time no one thought that this invention would affect the environment badly one day by emitting the harmful gases in environment by combustion. Rapid growth in urban population and sprawling of cities over a period of time has led to devastating changes in the overall mobility pattern. In addition to this, the wrong notion of social status continuously provides ammunition for owing more personalized vehicles. All these have triggered innumerable environmental and social impacts in terms of air and noise pollution, as per emission inventory for road and transport in India- Globally the transport sector is responsible for 25% of total carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel combustion in 2018, India's transportation sector contributes about 10 per cent of total national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and road transportation contributes about 87 per cent of the total emissions in the sector.2 , cities/countries have decided to reduce their carbon footprint by going electric. India has also pledged to go completely electric by 2030. With this continuous trend of electrification and declining fuel economy, experts believe that the automobile industry will be continued with the battery used vehicles and by the next decade, almost all the vehicles will be converted into electric vehicles. This paper has tried to explore whether the transformation to electric mobility will be a solution in achieving enhanced mobility options with a green future or another disruption in the transportation sector, future and challenges for E-Vehicles in India. The aim of this paper is to focus on the environmental impacts of the transformation of the mobility pattern to electro- mobility systems.

Keywords : E-Mobility, Electronic Vehicles, Indian EVs, Zero Emission, Sustainable Mobility.

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