Efficacy of Tens Therapy, Therapeutic Ultrasound and Stabilization Splint as an Adjuvant to Pharmacotherapy for Temporomandibular Disorders

Authors : Farheen Jahan, Vinod V.C, Rashmi Sapkal

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 3 - March

Google Scholar : https://goo.gl/DF9R4u

Scribd : https://bit.ly/2UZohKn

Temporomandibular disorders also known as temporomandibular joint pain dysfunction syndrome. TMD does not fit neaty into any one etiologic category since the pathophysiology is poorly understood and it represents a range of distinct disorders wit multifactorial etiology. TMD accounts for the majority of pathology of the of the TMJ and it is the second most cause of orofacial pain after dental pain.

Keywords : Temporomandibular disorder, temporomandibular joint, transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation, Therapeutic ultrasound, Stabilization splint, Helkimo Dysfunction Index (HDI), Visual analog scale(VAS).


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