Temporomandibular disorders also known as
temporomandibular joint pain dysfunction syndrome.
TMD does not fit neaty into any one etiologic category
since the pathophysiology is poorly understood and it
represents a range of distinct disorders wit
multifactorial etiology. TMD accounts for the majority
of pathology of the of the TMJ and it is the second most
cause of orofacial pain after dental pain.
Keywords : Temporomandibular disorder, temporomandibular joint, transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation, Therapeutic ultrasound, Stabilization splint, Helkimo Dysfunction Index (HDI), Visual analog scale(VAS).