The word hygiene is derived from the name of the
ancient Greek goddess of healthful living-Hygeia.
Hygiene refers to the practices associated with the
protection of health and healthy living1
. Poor health
hygiene practices can lead to communicable diseases
basically within developing countries. In Africa and
Southeast Asia, 62% and 31% of all deaths are caused by
School is place which not only provides education to
children but also learning environment. The foundations
of lifelong responsibility for the maintenance of personal
hygiene are laid down in childhood, which is important
for a healthy childhood, for a healthy adulthood, and for
the development of positive values about health and the
use of health services3
. It’s important to educate the
students regarding personal hygiene in order to improve
the quality of life of the children.
1. To assess the general health status of the school
2. To evaluate the effectiveness of video assisted
teaching and demonstration on personal hygiene
among school children.
A pre-experimental study was conducted in
Government high school, Puducherry after obtaining
prior permission. The seventy-three students of sixth
standard were selected and general health assessment
was done. The knowledge on personal hygiene were
assessed using structured interview questionnaire.
Collected data were entered in the Microsoft Excel 2013
and analyzed using Epi Info 7.0.
The mean age of the school children are 10.8 ± 0.6
years, the mean weight was 29.8 ± 6.7 kilo grams, the
mean height was 138.7 ± 6.5 centimeters. 8.2% and 6.9%
of them had past medical and surgical history
respectively. Only one girl attained menarche. Degree of
malnutrition was calculated based on the weight for age
by weech’s formula and classified by Gomez
classification. 36.9% of the children are having second
degree malnutrition, 34.3% are having first degree
malnutrition, 1.4% are having third degree malnutrition
and 27.4% are maintaining normal nutritional status.
17.8% of the children are having vision problems. 12.3%
are having dental carries. Two children are using
spectacles. The pale conjunctiva was observed among
49.3% of the children. 95.9% of them are immunized up
to the age.
The knowledge on personal hygiene was assessed in
both pre and post teaching. The mean pre teaching
knowledge score was 8.13 ± 2.4 and post teaching
knowledge score was 9.93 ± 2.3. the pre and post mean
different was calculated with paired t-Test and the tvalue is -8.69 (p = <0.001) reveals that the video assisted
teaching and demonstration was effective.
This study concludes that the video assisted
teaching and demonstration was effective in improving
the knowledge on personal hygiene among school
children. Improved knowledge may change the attitude
of the schoolchildren and that may lead to a better
hygienic practice. This study suggests to have regular
teaching and training programme to improve the
hygienic practices among school children.
Keywords : School Children, Personal Hygiene, Video Assisted Teaching, Demonstration, Effectiveness.