Effectiveness of a Structured Teaching Programme on Asthma among Agricultural Farmers in Selected Rural Areas of PHC, Bangalore


Authors : PUNAM DEBBARMA; DR. BALAVINDER KAUR B

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 8 - August

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3Rco691

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7042114

India is the first country to launch a family planning programme across the country in 1952; however records show that birth control clinics have been functioning in the country since 1930. Unfortunately, it has lagged behind many countries in family planning because of its vast population with various castes, religions, illiteracy, poverty, ignorance, strong cultural beliefs etc1 .. Unintended pregnancy is a major challenge to the reproductive health of young adults especially in developing countries; recent reports even show it is increasing. Many young women with unintended pregnancies resort to abortions which are mainly performed in unsafe conditions. Those who carry their pregnancies are likely to have increased risks of morbidity and mortality more than those for adult women. In the developing world as a whole, an estimated five million women are admitted for treatment of complications from induced abortions each year, equating to an average rate of 5.7 per 1000 women per year in all developing regions. With decreasing age of menarche and coitarche, recent findings suggest that young people engage early in unplanned and unprotected sexual intercourse, which in most cases lead to unwanted pregnancy 2 . Despite the wide availability of a number of contraceptives methods, unplanned and unwanted pregnancies persist. In India, 21% pregnancies and 6.5 million induced abortions are carried out every year. Situations such as unprotected sex, improper use of regular contraceptives, and failure of barrier methods, sexual violence and miscalculation of fertile period often lead to an unwanted pregnancy3 . World over, there are millions of unintended and unwanted pregnancies each year. Many of them end in unsafe abortions, while others are carried on till term and contribute to the ever-increasing population burden on the Earth. This is specially felt in developing countries like India. When not planning for a pregnancy, exposure to unprotected sex takes place often, necessitating the use of emergency contraception, to avoid the potential hazards of pregnancy termination.4 Emergency contraception (EC) is a type of modern contraception which is indicated after unprotected sexual intercourse when regular contraception is not in use. The importance of EC is evident in preventing unintended pregnancies and its ill consequences like unintended child delivery or unsafe abortion, which are the most common causes of maternal mortality

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