Muslims all over the world fast during the Holy
month of Ramadan and abstain themselves from taking
any kind of food or water during day time. People
diagnosed with any kind of illness may abstain from
fasting but people continue to fast against medical
advice. It is therefore of interest to compare pre and
post Ramadan effects on physiological parameters in
individuals with metabolic syndrome.
A prospective cohort study was conducted on 28
people diagnosed with metabolic syndrome and diabetes
mellitus who were ready to fast for the whole month of
Ramadan. The main components of metabolic
syndrome assessed for the study were: blood sugar,
systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and
body mass index (BMI).
The mean age of the study population was
46.46±3.61 years, with females (86%) and males (14%).
The mean HbA1c was 8±1.169%, and the mean height
of the study population was 158.07±7.54 cm. Weight
reduced from pre-Ramadan to during Ramadan and
post Ramadan assessment periods were highly
statistically significant (p=.000). BMI showed a
reduction in the 3 assessment periods and the difference
seen was highly statistically significant (p=.000). The
comparison of blood sugar at 3 time periods showed
that the blood sugar reduced in the study population
from pre-Ramadan, during Ramadan and post
Ramadan assessment periods and the difference seen
was not statistically significant (.385).
Systolic blood pressure seemed to be reduced in the
study population from pre-Ramadan, during and post
Ramadan assessment periods and the difference showed
a borderline significance (.072). Diastolic blood pressure
seemed to be reduced in the study population from pre-
Ramadan to during and post Ramadan assessment
periods and the difference was statistically significant
Ramadan fasting have positive effects on
parameters of metabolic syndrome like weight, BMI,
and blood pressure.
Keywords : Ramadan, Fasting, Metabolic Syndrome.