Ecological Footprint and Climate Change: The role of Gas Consumption in Five African Macro Economies

Authors : Taofeek Olayinka AYINDE

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 10 - October

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The African continent does not come behind in global emissions and non-renewable energy consumption. The continent still depend largely on nonrenewable sources for energy production, even when other continents have achieve some success in their energy mix. Also, proper waste management through harmless discharge and disposal can help reduce the ecological footprint. This study examined the relationship between ecological footprint, carbon dioxide emission as a measure of climate change and gas consumption in five African macroeconomic countries. The study engaged a Levin-Lin-Chu and Covariate Augmented Dickey-Fuller tests for the presence of Unit root, then the Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bound tests methods for co-integration between the variables. The variables became stationary at the first order of differencing. Furthermore, the ARDL bound tests proved the absence of co-integration between the variables in the region for the period 1980 to 2017. Hence, no co-integrating pattern among the variables. However, dry gas consumption is significant to ecological footprint in the countries.


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