The concept of deep learning is becoming more
and more popular and is becoming extensively used in
many research areas and industries as well. One sector
where deep learning has been used heavily is the
Healthcare industry, where medical researchers are
employing the use of deep learning algorithms to detect
various cancer cells and using it in different imaging
techniques. The aim of this article is to review the
literature on deep learning, the basic foundation of deep
learning, as well as, understand the various models
available that pertains to deep learning. This study
employed the use of published research papers to evaluate
the various concepts and models pertaining to deep
learning as well as the origin of deep learning and its main
concept. This paper also discusses the various applications
of deep learning and how they are employed currently.
With technological improvements, both in terms of
hardware and software, deep learning algorithms will be
able to perform more efficiently and accurately.
Keywords : Deep Learning, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Deep Belief Network, Convolutional Neural Network, Recurrent Neural Network, Artificial Neural Networks.