Curricular Limitations on Data Systems and Data Use Competencies for Health Related Programs in Tanzania

Authors : Nima Herman Shidende; Joseph ThobiasMakaranga; Henry Mwanyika; Seif Rashid; Stephano Mugeta; Tumainiel Macha

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 8 - August

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Despite the fact that a lot of data is generated regularly and through periodic surveys, utilizing data for decision-making processes in the Tanzanian health sector remains a significant problem. One of the biggest issues with data use for decisionmaking in the delivery of health services is a lack of analytical and interpretive skills. Objective: to assess how data use and data systems aspects are reflected in the health-related curricula given in Tanzanian health training institutes, as well as the degree to which they are. Methods: The assessment was carried out between December 2018 and March 2019. The primary approaches for gathering data were participant observation, casual phone and in-person interviews, and document examination. Both qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis were used to examine the results. Findings: Numerous elements related to data use and data systems are already present in the examined curriculum. However, it was noted that both data analysis and use lacked certain skills. Additionally, there wasn't enough emphasis in the existing curricula on leveraging real-world data from healthcare facilities to put theoretical lessons about data use into reality. The study discovered that even though these systems are the most widely used at various levels of health service delivery, they receive very little attention in classroom sessions. These systems include District Health Information System (DHIS2), Facility Financing Accounting and Reporting System (FFARS), Government of Tanzania Hospital Management Information System (GoT-HoMIS), Human Resource for Health Information System (HRHIS), and electronic Logistic Management Information System (eLMIS). Conclusions: In Tanzania's health-related pre-service training curriculum, there exist gaps regarding data utilization and data systems. As a result, there is a skills gap among healthcare professionals about their ability to assess and understand data for decisions that are supported by evidence. The study advises the government to establish crucial data systems and data use policies, which must be followed in the development of both clinical and non-clinical curriculum, through the ministry of health (MoH).

Keywords : Data use skills, Data system skills, Health training curricular, Decision making, Capacity Building Consortium.


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